The Apostles and Prophets.
Muslims consider sending prophets is mercy and grace of God to his creatures, because reason alone can not know everything that saves the beyond. Their main function is to show people the way, the way (Shariah) which leads to eternal happiness. And to prove their truth, Allah supported by unusual facts, namely that miracles are relentless challenges that no one can thwart or imitate.
All the prophets of Allah have made a good behavior and conduct exemplaire. They are necessarily immunized against blasphemy, major sins and minor sins reflecting baseness of character, both before and after the prophetic mission. The first Adam and the last is Muhammad.
According to Islam all prophets are subject to God, that is to say all Muslims and have called on people to join their religion. Indeed, its meaning is to believe in One God without associating him and believe in the message of Muhammad sent for his time.
The texts explain that Adam opened the prophetic function, while it is Muhammad, the last, it was closed, The exact number of prophets is unknown, but in some accounts their number is mentioned 124000,
Some prophets were having special and particular laws and some others were not having special code of laws; on the contrary they promoted the Shariah of the previous prophet. Some of them brought scriptures and some others did not bring any books. Sometimes there were more than one prophet in a single town or city, who fulfilled the duties of prophethood.
It is narrated from Abu Dharr that one day he asked the Messenger of Allah : How many prophets are there in all? He replied: One hundred and twenty four thousand. He then asked: How many of them were messenger prophets? He replied: Three hundred thirteen from the above group. He asked: Who was the first of them? He replied: Adam. He asked: Was he a messenger prophet? He replied: Yes, Almighty Allah created him with His own hands and blew His spirit into him. At that moment the Holy Prophet said: O Abu Dharr:
There were four from the Syriac prophets: Adam, Sheeth, and Ukhnuh, who is also called Idris and who was the first to write and Nuh. Four of them were Arabs: Hud, Salih, Shuaib and your prophet, Muhammad. The first prophet among Bani Israel was Musa and the last of them was Isa and they were in all six hundred prophets.
Abu Dharr asked: O Messenger of Allah, how many heavenly scriptures descended? He replied: One hundred and four, of which Almighty Allah revealed to Sheeth fifty scrolls, thirty on Idris and twenty on Ibrahim. He also revealed Taurat, Injeel, Zabur, and The Quran is the book ring and book collector.
Five great divine prophets brought new sets of laws (Shariah) and they are known as Ulul Azm prophets. They were: Nuh, Ibrahim, Musa, Isa and Muhammad .
Ismail Jofi has narrated from Imam Muhammad Baqir that he said:
The Ulul Azm prophets are five in number: Nuh, Ibrahim, Musa, Isa and Muhammad is the Seal of the Prophets who must follow Him.
Including : Abraham (Ibrahim), David (Dâwûd), Isaac (ISHAQ), Ishmael (ISMA'IL), Jacob (YA'QUB), Jean-Baptiste (YAHYA), Jethro (CHOU 'AYB) Job (AYYOUB), Jonah (YUNUS), Joseph (YOUCOUF), Lot (LUT), Moses (MUSA), Noah (NUH), Solomon (SULAYMAN), Zechariah (ZAKARIYYA), Jesus(ISSAH), Mohamad (Mohammed).